Program for the Pacification and Long-Term Development of South Vietnam
~ PROVN ~
Volume I Table of Contents- - Volume I, PDF, 510 pages
Volume II Table of Contents-
- Volume II, PDF, 492 pages
(The PDF documents will open
in a new window)
As the Vietnam outlook worsened, Army Chief of Staff and
member Joint Chiefs of Staff,
Gen. Harold K. Johnson
wanted a new
approach to the Vietnam War.
In 1965, a special group of ten officers, all former Vietnam advisors,
with particular expertise, were carefully chosen to write
Leader: Col. Thomas J.
Hanifen, ODCSOPS, Armor
Lt. Col. Charles E Spragins,
Lt. Col. Donald S Marshall, Civic
Lt. Col. Harry S. Jackson,
Lt. Col Harry Emmons, Army Intelligence &
Lt. Col. Volney F Warner,
Lt. Col. Daniel F Schungel, Infantry
>> Maj. Anne Marie Doering, Intelligence, Women’s Army
Maj. Arthur E. Brown, Jr. Infantry
Maj. John D Granger, Military Police Corps
Doering & Emmons studied intelligence gathering, Marshal the US advisory effort in the provinces,
Brown the history of the Vietnamese, Schungle military aspects of the study and Warner developed
a beneficial advisor questionnaire
to determine 'leverage'.
After the distribution of PROVN in 1966 it was upgraded from Secret to
Top Secret. Distribution
of Defense was not authorized. If distribution was made within the DOD by the Joint
Chiefs of Staff it was on a
limited “need-to-know” basis. Army officers & officials
to even discuss the existence of the report outside
The PROVN Report was declassified in 1988.
PROVN is discussed in : THE U.S.
GOVERNMENT AND THE VIETNAM WAR:
Executive and Legislative Roles and Relationships, Part IV, July 1965-January 1968,
by William Conrad Gibbons, Washington, D.C. Congressional Research
This entire series is essential.
For the first mention of PROVN, use the links below. To understand & continue buy Part IV.
Page 200-201, Page 202-203, Page 204
PROVN is discussed in many books and articles. PROVN was also noted in 'The Pentagon Papers'.
'The Pentagon Papers'
Declassified in full 2011 available here or National Archives
Index and all chapter links opens in new window or you can download
I will add more, but its wise to read several opinions about PROVN not limited to these links
To Change a War: General Harold K. Johnson and the PROVN Study'
A PROVN summary & opinion. by Dr Lewis Sorley
PROVN, Westmoreland, and the Historians, A Reappraisal
by Andrew J. Birtle
Behind Afghan War Debate, a Battle of Two Books Rages
From the President on down, reading: A Better War by Lewis Sorley in Washington, DC